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October 1992

Update: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome— United States, 1991

Arch Dermatol. 1992;128(10):1321-1322. doi:10.1001/archderm.1992.01680200029002

During 1991, state and territorial health departments reported 45,506 cases (17.9 per 100,000 population) of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to CDC. As in previous years, most cases (52.7%) were attributable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission among homosexual/bisexual men. The proportion of cases among these men during 1991 decreased from that in 1990, while the proportions among women and heterosexual men who were injecting-drug users (IDUs) increased, representing nearly one fourth of reported cases in 1991. This report summarizes the characteristics of persons reported with AIDS in 1991 and compares these data with 1990.*

The number of reported AIDS cases increased by 5%, from 43,352 in 1990 to 45,506 in 1991. Because cases reported in one year may have been diagnosed in earlier years, the number of cases can also be counted based on year of diagnosis with adjustment for reporting delays1; based on this analysis, the number of diagnosed