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January 1993

Surveillance for Occupationally Acquired HIV Infection—United States, 1981-1992

Arch Dermatol. 1993;129(1):31-32. doi:10.1001/archderm.1993.01680220037006

Public health surveillance for and risk-assessment studies of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection provide a basis for formulating measures to minimize the risk for occupational transmission of HIV to healthcare workers.1-6 Data on occupational transmission of HIV have been provided by two CDC-supported national surveillance systems: one initiated in 1981 for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases and one initiated in 1991 for HIV infections acquired through occupational exposures. This report summarizes data on occupationally acquired HIV infection from these surveillance systems through September 1992.

For surveillance purposes, healthcare workers are defined as persons, including students and trainees, who worked in a health-care, clinical, or HIV-laboratory setting any time since 1978. Persons reported from these two systems have been classified with documented or possible occupationally acquired HIV infection. Those classified with documented occupationally acquired HIV infection had evidence of HIV seroconversion (i.e., a negative HIV-antibody test at the time of

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