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Apr 2012

A Cross-sectional Study Examining the Correlation Between Sunless Tanning Product Use and Tanning Beliefs and Behaviors

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Departments of Dermatology (Drs Sahn, McIlwain, Magee, and Chen) and Medicine (Dr Veledar), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; and the Division of Dermatology, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia (Dr Chen). Dr McIlwain is now with the Department of Anesthesiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Dr Magee is now with the Dermatology Center of Atlanta, Duluth, Georgia.

Arch Dermatol. 2012;148(4):448-454. doi:10.1001/archdermatol.2011.2072

Objectives To establish the effect of sunless tanning products on tanning behaviors and to determine characteristics of sunless tanning product users.

Design A cross-sectional survey study conducted between May 30, 2007, and December 4, 2007.

Setting The Emory University campus and surrounding locations in Atlanta, Georgia.

Participants Four hundred fifteen community and university-affiliated women.

Main Outcome Measures Self-reported use of sunless tanning products and UV radiation tanning methods.

Results Forty-eight percent of participants had used sunless tanning products, 70.6% had tanned in the sun, and 26.0% had used tanning beds at least once in the past year. Most participants (92.7%) believed that tanned skin is more attractive than untanned skin, and 79.2% reported feeling better about themselves when tan. Many sunless tanning product users reported decreased frequency of tanning in the sun (36.8%) or in tanning beds (38%) because of product use. Frequent users were more likely to have decreased their UV radiation exposure. Lighter complexion, frequent use of UV radiation tanning methods, feeling better about oneself when tan, and having a history of skin cancer were independently associated with sunless tanning product use.

Conclusions The desire for tanned skin remains strong despite growing awareness of the dangers of UV radiation exposure. In some women, sunless tanning product use is associated with decreased UV radiation tanning frequency, especially in women who use them repeatedly. Improvements in the appearance of sunless tanning product tans may allow wider acceptance by the public and further decreases in UV radiation tanning practices.