Prospective Study of the Cutaneous Adverse Effects of Sorafenib, a Novel Multikinase Inhibitor | Dermatology | JAMA Dermatology | JAMA Network
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July 21, 2008

Prospective Study of the Cutaneous Adverse Effects of Sorafenib, a Novel Multikinase Inhibitor

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Dermatology Unit (Drs Autier and Robert) and Immunotherapy Unit (Dr Escudier), Department of Medicine, and Pathology Department (Dr Spatz), Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France; and Pathology Department, Henri-Mondor Hospital, Creteil, France (Dr Wechsler).

Arch Dermatol. 2008;144(7):886-892. doi:10.1001/archderm.144.7.886

Objectives  To provide an accurate description and to evaluate the incidence and severity of cutaneous reactions induced by sorafenib tosylate, a new oral multikinase inhibitor.

Design  Double-blind, prospective dermatologic substudy performed on all consecutive patients included in our center in a large phase 3 trial.

Setting  Institutional practice at the Gustave Roussy Institute.

Patients  Eighty-five patients with renal cell cancer treated between November 1, 2003, and February 28, 2005.

Interventions  Patients were randomized to receive either sorafenib (n = 43) or placebo (n = 42). Dermatologic examination was performed before treatment, every 3 weeks during the first 4 cycles, and every 4 weeks thereafter.

Main Outcome Measures  Incidence and severity of cutaneous reactions to sorafenib.

Results  Thirty-nine patients (91%) experienced at least 1 cutaneous reaction in the sorafenib group vs 3 (7%) in the placebo group. A hand-foot skin reaction that appeared to be clinically distinct from the well-known chemotherapy-induced hand-foot syndrome was observed in 26 patients receiving sorafenib (60%). Reversible grade 3 hand-foot skin reaction was documented in 2 patients receiving sorafenib and led to a dose reduction. Other cutaneous reactions were facial erythema, scalp dysesthesia, alopecia, and subungual splinter hemorrhages.

Conclusions  Sorafenib induces frequent cutaneous adverse events, some of which may lead to a dose reduction. Close collaboration between oncologists and dermatologists is needed to improve both the characterization and the management of these side effects. Appropriate patient education before the initiation of therapy and the introduction of early symptomatic measures may improve management.