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Article
September 1941

PIGMENT PRODUCTION BY FUNGI: I. NUTRITIVE REQUIREMENTS

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK

From the New York Hospital and from the Department of Medicine (Dermatology), Cornell University Medical College.

Arch Derm Syphilol. 1941;44(3):453-462. doi:10.1001/archderm.1941.01500030135015
Abstract

In the routine identification of fungi, minute structural changes such as the size and arrangement of spores are seldom important. Undue emphasis on points of microscopic differentiation might even be misleading, as for instance in certain fluffy colonies suspected of being Trichophyton gypseum or Trichophyton purpureum, for with both organisms the fuseaux are infrequent, spiral forms are uncertain but may be present and microconidia and mycelium are similar. In other words, the microscopic picture is not definitive. The gross cultural appearance by itself is not always significant unless one includes the pigment produced in the substrate. This production of pigment is not generally appreciated as a constant characteristic of certain fungi. Our observations indicate uniform pigment formation with both T. purpureum and Microsporum lanosum. With T. purpureum a rose purple pigment is typical, and we have never observed a similar hue in the environment of any other species of pathogenic

References
1.
Weidman, F. D., and Spring, D.:  Comparison of Ringworm Culture Ingredients: II and III ,  Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 18:829 ( (Dec.) ) 1928.
2.
Sabouraud, R.:  Milieux de culture des champignons (Technique de fabrication des géloses sucrées dites: Milieux d'épreuve) ,  Ann. de dermat. et syph. 9:99, 1908.
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