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March 1955

Contact Dermatitis from Platinum and Related Metals: Report of a Case

Author Affiliations

F.R.C.P. (C.), Stamford, Conn.

From the Department of Medicine (Dermatology), New York Hospital and Cornell University Medical College.

AMA Arch Derm. 1955;71(3):357-360. doi:10.1001/archderm.1955.01540270069009

Cases of contact dermatitis due to metallic platinum have been considered so rare as to be nonexistent.*

In April, 1945, Hunter, Milton, and Perry2 studied 91 male employees exposed to a spray of the complex salts of platinum; of these, 52 exhibited running nose, sneezing, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, and so on, and 13 had dermatitis. They stated that there was no trouble from the metallic platinum or from the palladium.

Marshall3 reported cases of asthma and dermatitis due to chloroplatinic acid. More recently, Roberts1 conducted a five-year study of the effects of soluble platinum salts on the employees of a platinum laboratory and refinery, in which he showed that when the salts were splashed on the skin a contact dermatitis could be produced and that when the salts were inhaled asthma often ensued. He studied some 21 employees and was able to

Sulzberger and Baer, Editors' note on Roberts,1 and Reference 5.
Cohn, G.: Personal communication to the author.
Roberts, A. E.:  Platinosis: A 5-Year Study of the Effects of Soluble Platinum Salts on Employees in a Platinum Laboratory and Refinery ,  A. M. A. Arch Indust. Hyg. 4:549 ( (Dec.) ) 1951
 The 1952 Year Book of Dermatology and Syphilology , edited by M. B. Sulzberger and R. L. Baer, Chicago, The Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1953, p. 426.
Hunter, D.; Milton, R., and Perry, K. M. A.:  Asthma Caused by Complex Salts of Platinum ,  Brit. J. Indust. Med. 2:92 ( (April) ) 1945.
Marshall, J.:  Toxicity of Platinum ,  South African M. J. 26:8 ( (Jan.) ) 1952.
Foster, P. D., and Ball, F. I.:  Sources of Nickel Eczema: Report of 2 Examples and Review of the Pertinent Literature ,  Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 31:461 ( (April) ) 1935.
Schwartz, L.; Tulipan, L., and Peck, S. M.:  Occupational Diseases of the Skin , Ed. 2, Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1947, pp. 301, 452, and 823.