What Is the Chance of a Normal Pregnancy in a Woman Whose Fetus Has Been Exposed to Isotretinoin? | Congenital Defects | JAMA Dermatology | JAMA Network
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Evidence-Based Dermatology: Critically Appraised Topic
September 2007

What Is the Chance of a Normal Pregnancy in a Woman Whose Fetus Has Been Exposed to Isotretinoin?

Arch Dermatol. 2007;143(9):1187-1188. doi:10.1001/archderm.143.9.1187

Recently, one of our patients who was taking isotretinoin became pregnant. This occurred despite appropriate counseling, a negative pregnancy test result before commencing treatment, and use of the combined oral contraceptive pill Microgynon 30 (Schering Health Care, West Sussex, England) (levonorgestrel, 150 μg, ethinylestradiol, 30 μg). The patient did not want to terminate her pregnancy. The aim of this Critically Appraised Topic is to explore the literature to determine the chance of delivering a healthy child after fetal exposure to isotretinoin; the types of fetal malformations associated with it; and what monitoring should be performed.

Since introduction of the drug in 1982, over 2000 pregnancies in the United States have been affected by fetal exposure to isotretinoin,1 most resulting in spontaneous or elective abortions.2-6