[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
Views 909
Citations 0
Research Letter
Jul/Aug 2018

Spanish Linguistic Validation for the Velopharyngeal Insufficiency Effects on Life Outcomes

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento
  • 2Department of Otolaryngology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City
JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2018;20(4):331-332. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2018.0005

Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are a powerful method to gather quality-of-life (QOL) data on patients. Validated instruments are available for many symptom- or disease-specific patient problems, which can be used to target treatment, assess treatment success, and better understand priorities for a patient population.

Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is a disorder of speech production and swallowing, which is due to inadequate velopharyngeal sphincter closure.1 An estimated 20% to 40% of patients with cleft palate will have VPI after palate repair.2 The VPI Effects on Life Outcomes (VELO) instrument was developed and validated to measure the effects of how VPI affects children.3,4 Herein, we describe the methodology of developing a Spanish translation of the VELO instrument through the linguistic validation.