[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Citations 0
Surgical Technique
January 1999

Radiofrequency Ablation of the Nerve to the Corrugator Muscle for Elimination of Glabellar Furrowing

Author Affiliations

Copyright 1999 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.1999

Arch Facial Plast Surg. 1999;1(1):46-48. doi:10.1001/archfaci.1.1.46

Glabellar furrows are caused by hyperdynamic activity of the corrugator supercilii muscles. A minimally invasive, percutaneous technique for eliminating glabellar furrows is described. An insulated, bipolar needle is inserted vertically through the eyebrow skin to entrap the corrugator nerve plexus. To confirm proper positioning, a stimulating current is delivered to the needle during observation of corrugator supercilii muscle response. Radiofrequency energy is then delivered to the needle, thereby ablating the intervening nerve tissue. This technique is in the early stage of optimization and is being evaluated in an ongoing Stanford University Human Subjects protocol, Stanford, Calif. The preliminary results are reported herein.