[Skip to Navigation]
Invited Commentary
June 11, 2012

Absolute Risk of Tobacco Deaths: One in Two Smokers Will Be Killed by Smoking: Comment on “Smoking and All-Cause Mortality in Older People”

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliation: School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(11):845-846. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2012.1927

Smoking kills by causing serious diseases, as confirmed by many systematic reviews and meta-analyses on specific diseases. The US Surgeon General Report does not include total mortality.1 The first meta-analysis on total mortality by Shavelle et al2 on 14 cohort studies in men showed that the relative risk (RR) in light, medium (10-15 cigarettes per day), and heavy smokers was 1.47, 2.02, and 2.38, respectively. In women, the RRs from 11 studies were similar (1.50, 2.02, and 2.66, respectively). The average age of the cohorts ranged from 30 to 65 years or older, with no significant trend of RR with age in either sex.2

Add or change institution
Limit 200 characters
Limit 25 characters
Conflicts of Interest Disclosure

Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.

Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.

Err on the side of full disclosure.

If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.

Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.

Limit 140 characters
Limit 3600 characters or approximately 600 words
    1 Comment for this article
    Bravo--Now we need an update on how to get paid for physician-led cessation.
    Stephen Hansen, MD | Internist, Med. Dir. SVRMC

    Another bill to get insurers to pay for tobacco cessation just failed in California. Is there a current list anywhere of codes, payment sources, time requirements, etc.?