Intensive care unit (ICU) telemedicine combines audiovisual technology and electronic medical records to provide critical care from a remote location. Intensive care unit telemedicine can take on many forms, ranging from targeted individual patient consultations1 to continuous off-site monitoring for entire ICUs.2 Touted as a bromide for the intensivist workforce shortage, the use of ICU telemedicine has rapidly expanded in recent years. According to one recent estimate, around 50 hospitals and health care systems in the United States currently use some form of ICU telemedicine, accounting for greater than 10% of the total ICU beds in this country.3
Kahn JM. Intensive Care Unit Telemedicine: Promises and Pitfalls. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(6):495–496. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.23
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