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October 2016

Screening for Latent Tuberculosis Infection: A Key Step Toward Achieving Tuberculosis Elimination in the United States

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Denver
  • 2Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, University of Colorado, Denver
JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(10):1439-1440. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5464

To prevent cases of active tuberculosis (TB), the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is recommending testing to identify adults with latent TB infection (LTBI) who are at increased risk for progression to active TB.1 Two specific high-risk groups are included in the USPSTF recommendation statement: (1) persons who were born in, or are former residents of, countries with increased prevalence of TB, and (2) persons who live in, or have lived in, high-risk congregate settings (such as homeless shelters and correctional facilities). Other high-risk groups, including patients with human immunodeficiency virus and contacts of individuals with infectious TB, are not specifically addressed in the new USPSTF recommendation statement.

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