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Research Letter
October 2017

Hours Worked Among US Dual Physician Couples With Children, 2000 to 2015

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(10):1524-1525. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.3437

Among physicians, women are more likely to work part time than men, and female physicians with children spend more time on parenting and domestic tasks.1,2 Little is known about how physicians within dual-physician couples adjust hours worked due to children or whether sex differences, if they exist, have changed over time, especially because physicians of both sexes have increasingly emphasized the importance of shared parenting responsibility.3

We estimated weekly hours worked for married, dual-physician couples from January 2000 to December 2015 using the American Community Survey, a nationally representative, United States Census Bureau–administered survey of approximately 3 million households annually. The survey is collected by mail, telephone, and personal-visit interviews.4 Response rates range between 90% and 98%.4 The Harvard institutional review board waived study review.