[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 35.170.75.58. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Views 2,222
Citations 0
Research Letter
October 21, 2019

Assessment of Pharmacy Closures in the United States From 2009 Through 2015

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes and Policy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • 2Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
  • 3Center for Drug Safety and Effectiveness, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
  • 4Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • 5Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):157-160. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4588

Despite the critical role of pharmacies in the pharmaceutical supply chain and evidence that pharmacy closures contribute to nonadherence of prescription medications,1 there is limited information on the prevalence and risk factors for pharmacy closure. In this study, we examined trends in pharmacy closures in the United States between 2009 and 2015, and analyzed pharmacy, community, and market factors that might be associated with such closures. We hypothesized that pharmacies disproportionately serving publicly insured populations were at increased risk for closure owing to lower pharmacy reimbursement rates from Medicaid and Medicare.2 We also hypothesized that independent pharmacies were more likely to close because they often do not participate in preferred pharmacy networks.3

Limit 200 characters
Limit 25 characters
Conflicts of Interest Disclosure

Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.

Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.

Err on the side of full disclosure.

If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.

Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.

Limit 140 characters
Limit 3600 characters or approximately 600 words
    ×