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Editor's Note
November 18, 2019

Ending the HIV Epidemic in the United States—The Roles of Increased Testing and Preexposure Prophylaxis

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2NYC Health and Hospitals, New York
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):130. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5442

Advances in antiretroviral treatment enable persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to live a normal lifespan, as long as they know that they are infected and adhere to treatment. Treatment that leads to an undetectable viral load prevents transmission of HIV to others. Since 2013, however, the rate of new HIV diagnoses in the United States has stabilized, not decreased. Continued viral transmission occurs from persons unaware of their HIV status, or not receiving effective treatment. To end the AIDS epidemic, what strategies can be used to increase the rate of early diagnosis and treatment?1

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