A global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic persists despite data to support multiple effective and safe tools that prevent HIV transmission and acquisition. Human immunodeficiency virus preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV-uninfected at-risk populations using tenofovir disoproxil fumarate emtricitabine is highly effective, safe, and recently endorsed by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) as a grade A recommendation. In this Special Communication, we summarize current guidelines and expert recommendations in a call for wider adoption of PrEP prescribing activities by frontline primary care clinicians. Key components include the ideal contexts in which PrEP may be prescribed, eligibility criteria, clinical considerations and pitfalls, laboratory monitoring, prescription practices, situations that may warrant expert consultation, and future directions. Given the broad scope, access, and point-of-entry status of primary clinicians in health systems, generalists will need to be at the center of any successful effort to leverage the power of, and destigmatize PrEP to end the HIV epidemic.
Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.
Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.
Err on the side of full disclosure.
If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.
Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.
Khalili J, Landovitz RJ. HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis—The Role of Primary Care Clinicians in Ending the HIV Epidemic. JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):126–130. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5456
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: