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Most states have legalized cannabis use for medical conditions. Some states have legalized cannabis for recreational adult use. The federal government considers cannabis use to be illegal. However, clinicians and patients who act in accord with state laws on medical use of cannabis are are not likely to be federally prosecuted. Typically, cannabis contents, potency, and safety are not regulated by the government even in states where it is legal.
Patients with spasticity related to multiple sclerosis, rare forms of childhood epilepsy, or nausea associated with chemotherapy have been shown to benefit from medical use of specific cannabinoids. Substantial evidence demonstrates that cannabis helps to modestly reduce pain. The most consistent benefit is seen in nerve pain. Cannabis is often portrayed as a treatment for conditions like anxiety, opioid addiction, and insomnia. There is not conclusive evidence to know if it helps with these conditions.
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Incze MA, Slawek D, Cunningham CO. What Should I Know About Medical Cannabis? JAMA Intern Med. Published online February 11, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0018
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