Although firearms are a highly lethal means of attempting suicide1 and were used in 24 432 of 48 344 US suicide deaths (50.5%) in 2018, little is known about factors associated with firearm suicide risk. Much of the previous research describing firearm suicide compared suicide decedents using firearms with other methods.2 Without prospectively evaluating firearm suicide risk among living populations, however, these analyses did not yield firearm suicide rates and thus have limited utility for identifying high-risk groups. To increase our understanding of firearm suicide risk patterns, we compared firearm suicide risk across sociodemographic groups of US adults. Results might help inform tailoring firearm safety interventions to high-risk groups, such as the lethal means safety counseling widely available within Veterans Health Administration facilities.
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Olfson M, Cosgrove CM, Wall MM, Blanco C. Sociodemographic Factors Associated With High Risk for Firearm Suicide Among US Adults. JAMA Intern Med. Published online May 18, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.1334
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