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Comment & Response
June 8, 2020

Sex, Gender, and Precision Medicine

Author Affiliations
  • 1The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 2Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 3The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
  • 4Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.1617

To the Editor We would like to congratulate Bartz and colleagues1 for their excellent review on the importance of sex and gender as critical aspects of precision medicine. Cardiovascular health is one of the key areas where profound sex and gender differences have been discovered, ranging from sex-related differences in disease etiology, onset, and progression to gender-related differences in awareness, access to and quality of care, and adherence to treatment.

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