Access to the full range of medical specialties is a cornerstone of high-quality medical care. However, many patients, especially members of racial and ethnic minority groups, face barriers to such care. We examined nationwide racial/ethnic disparities in outpatient visit rates to 29 physician specialties.
We pooled data on adults 18 years or older from the 2015 to 2018 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), which collects demographic (including self-reported race/ethnicity) and health care utilization data from a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized, civilian US population. We tabulated office and outpatient department visits to each physician specialty and calculated adjusted rate ratios (ARRs) for each racial/ethnic minority group (compared with the White population) using negative binomial regression adjusted for age. In sensitivity analyses, we adjusted for sex, self-reported health, health insurance, education level, and income.
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Cai C, Gaffney A, McGregor A, et al. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Outpatient Visit Rates Across 29 Specialties. JAMA Intern Med. Published online July 19, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.3771
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