Although cardiovascular risk is influenced by sex hormones, the relationship between endogenous testosterone level and cardiovascular risk profile is controversial and mainly based on relatively small groups of individuals.1 Recently, Maggio et al2 concluded that a decline in anabolic hormone levels, especially testosterone, is a strong independent predictor of mortality in men.
Montagnana M, Lippi G. Relationship Between Serum Testosterone and Cardiovascular Risk Profile in the General Population. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(12):1350. doi:10.1001/archinte.168.12.1350-a
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