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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases the risk of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with greater risk of death and of cardiovascular outcomes.1 Because the incidence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is so much higher in patients with CKD than in the general population, the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Task Force on Cardiovascular Disease concluded that patients with CKD should be considered to be in the highest risk category (ie, a coronary heart disease risk equivalent) for risk factor management,2 and the American Heart Association now recommends that all patients with cardiovascular disease should be screened for CKD.3
Johansen KL. Chronic Kidney Disease in Elderly Individuals. Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(11):926–927. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2010.136
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