Contributions to the literature on the study of the eyeground have been numerous, but the majority have been made by ophthalmologists or by internists in collaboration with ophthalmologists. While engaged in the study of vascular diseases at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, from February, 1924, to July, 1925, I had an unusual opportunity to study eyegrounds in various vascular diseases and related conditions. Because of the importance that retinal vascular changes have assumed in the diagnosis and interpretation of general vascular disease, I feel that it will be of interest to internists, ophthalmologists and practitioners of medicine to get the point of view of an internist who has had the opportunity to examine a large group of fundi in various diseases. This is a study of eyeground changes and the manner in which they indicate, or reflect, general disorders from the standpoint of one interested chiefly in the problems of
ALTNOW HO. CHANGES IN THE EYEGROUND IN VASCULAR DISEASES AND IN RELATED CONDITIONS: ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-SEVEN HYPERTHYROID, DIABETIC, NEPHRITIC, HYPERTENSIVE AND CARDIAC CASES, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RETINAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1927;40(6):757–785. doi:10.1001/archinte.1927.00130120016002
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