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Article
June 1929

CLINICAL TYPES OF EDEMA IN THE HEART FAILURE OF CHILDHOOD

Author Affiliations

CHICAGO

From the Cardiac Department of the Children's Memorial Hospital.

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1929;43(6):795-807. doi:10.1001/archinte.1929.00130290066004
Abstract

A study of the clinical course of edema in nephritis, recently published by Aldrich,1 prompted me to attempt a similar study of the edema associated with heart disease in children. The underlying thought in both these observations has not been to advance any new theories regarding the cause and nature of edema, but rather to add precise clinical data to the knowledge of this interesting problem.

During the past five years, I have had the opportunity of observing a large number of children with heart disease, and as these children have gone on to recovery, chronic invalidism or death, I have been impressed with the wide variations in the symptoms and signs encountered. The clinical picture of associated edema in the child with heart failure, however, has always been one of two definite types, each one running a constant course, differing only in degree.

The first type of edema is

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