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Article
December 1929

The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War. Volume X. Neuropsychiatry.

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1929;44(6):909. doi:10.1001/archinte.1929.00140060124015

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Abstract

Attention is called in the preface to the unusual opportunity offered to study statistically a large number of neuropsychiatric disorders with a uniform method of recording. It gives one a fairly accurate estimate of the percentage of nervous and mental disability present in the male population liable for military service, and also the types of nervous disorders which develop as a result of war activity. Attention is called to the large number of persons who in civil life passed as practically normal and who were actually suffering from a severe psychoneurosis which rendered them unfit for military duty. By far the most frequent cause for discharge was dementia praecox, mental deficiency second and epilepsy third. None of this group developed as a result of the war. The most important functional neurosis was "shell shock." The author states that there is still a controversy as to whether the cause of shell

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