Infestation of various parts of the human body by dipterous larvae was probably recognized by the ancients as early as the time of Homer, who wrote of a man affected by maggots. The first authentic case of myiasis, however, seems to have been reported by Leeunwenhoek about the seventeenth century, when he described an infected wound of the leg caused by fly larvae.
The literature contains numerous reports of infestations of the ear and nose and of external wounds, but those of the gastro-intestinal tract are comparatively rare, there being but sixty-three cases reported to date. Of these, twelve were caused by Fannia canicularis or the black flower fly, eleven by Musca domestica or the common house fly, four by Fannia scalaris, six by Sarcophaga or the flesh fly, three by Piophila casei or the cheese maggot fly, twelve by Eristalis tenax or the drone fly, one by Calliphora erythrocephala
BRAND AF. GASTROINTESTINAL MYIASIS: REPORT OF A CASE. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1931;47(1):149–154. doi:10.1001/archinte.1931.00140190160017
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