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In 1903 Skévos Zervos reported his observations on a disease afflicting many of the sponge fishers of his native Calymnos. The present volume is an interesting compilation of his continued studies of a hitherto undescribed disease. The condition was first named the disease of the naked sponge fishers; but, since it has been observed in other persons, the author ingenuously explains, it is now called the maladie de Skévos Zervos. This malady is characterized by a localized lesion which suppurates and becomes gangrenous and is associated with chills, fever, erythema, anorexia and prostration. The mortality is almost nil; but the morbidity is said to be high. The etiologic agent appears to be a venom produced by an actinian, a variety of sea-anemone, which Skévos Zervos says is parasitic on sponges in certain waters. The author states that the venom, which is most virulent in August, is introduced by way of