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In 1903 Skévos Zervos reported his observations on a disease afflicting many of the sponge fishers of his native Calymnos. The present volume is an interesting compilation of his continued studies of a hitherto undescribed disease. The condition was first named the disease of the naked sponge fishers; but, since it has been observed in other persons, the author ingenuously explains, it is now called the maladie de Skévos Zervos. This malady is characterized by a localized lesion which suppurates and becomes gangrenous and is associated with chills, fever, erythema, anorexia and prostration. The mortality is almost nil; but the morbidity is said to be high. The etiologic agent appears to be a venom produced by an actinian, a variety of sea-anemone, which Skévos Zervos says is parasitic on sponges in certain waters. The author states that the venom, which is most virulent in August, is introduced by way of
La maladie de Skévos Zervos ou maladie des pêcheurs d'éponges nus. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1936;57(6):1251. doi:10.1001/archinte.1936.00170100196017
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