The clinical literature dealing with diseases of the liver and the biliary tract continues to be voluminous. Much of it deals with case reports and clinical discussions; hence detailed summary is not necessary. We have sought, therefore, not to attempt a comprehensive review of this literature but to follow the plan used in previous reviews of this series1 and to limit our discussion to selected subjects in which there have been noteworthy contributions. Even in these subjects we make reference to selected articles rather than give an inclusive bibliography. —It is generally accepted that the secretion of bile by the liver is continuous, but its discharge into the duodenum is intermittent. Both the discharge of bile into the duodenum and the filling and emptying of the gallbladder are controlled by the choledochal-duodenal sphincter—the sphincter of Oddi. Numerous observers have studied the pressure relationships
PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BILIARY TRACT
GREENE CH, HANDELSMAN MB, BABEY AM. LIVER AND BILIARY TRACT: A REVIEW FOR 1936. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1937;59(4):724–753. doi:10.1001/archinte.1937.00170200166014
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