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Article
June 1939

INCIDENCE OF PULMONARY AND EXTRAPULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN ANTHRACITE COAL MINERS

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1939;63(6):1117-1122. doi:10.1001/archinte.1939.00180230102007
Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a frequent complication of anthracosilicosis. A study made by the United States Public Health Service1 in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania in 1934 showed that 20.4 per cent of miners and mine laborers over the age of 55 (i. e., those having the longest exposure to mine dusts) had clinical tuberculosis. A survey has just been completed at the White Haven Sanatorium2 of the incidence of tuberculosis among anthracite miners coming to autopsy in the various institutions in Luzerne County. Of 541 cases in which autopsy was performed on miners, pulmonary tuberculosis was the principal cause of death in 21.3 per cent, whereas of 730 cases in which autopsy was performed on male nonminers of the same age during the same period in the same institutions tuberculosis was the cause of death in 8.9 per cent. In other words, pulmonary tuberculosis is more than twice

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