Since the first World War an apparently infectious form of generalized neuronitis has come to be recognized as a distinct clinical entity. It is characterized by an ascending paralysis which usually begins in the lower limbs and often involves the facial muscles, by a normal cell count and an increase in protein in the spinal fluid and by complete recovery in a large proportion of cases. A description which probably applies to this disease was given by Osler,1 in 1892, under the name of "acute febrile polyneuritis." Guillain, Barré and Strohl,2 in 1916, described a series of cases, and the term Guillain-Barré syndrome has been used by many writers since that time. Other terms which have been used are polyradiculoneuritis,3 infective polyneuritis,4 infective neuronitis,5 radiculoneuritis with acellular hyperalbuminosis of the cerebrospinal fluid6 and acute benign infectious myelitis.7
The term neuritis has been defined by Cobb and
FOX MJ, O'CONNOR RD. INFECTIOUS NEURONITIS: REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND PRESENTATION OF FOUR CASES. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1942;69(1):58–66. doi:10.1001/archinte.1942.00200130068006
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