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Article
June 1945

GASTROENTEROLOGY: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE FROM JULY 1943 TO JUNE 1944

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1945;75(6):417-426. doi:10.1001/archinte.1945.00210300063008
Abstract

COLON 

Physiology.  —Sheehan,406 in discussing the effect of the autonomic nervous system on the physiologic functions of the gastrointestinal tract, considers the sympathetic and vagotonic manifestations as not distinctly separable but as called into play simultaneously in a selective manner. These manifestations may be either homeostatic or an expression of emotional behavior. When the autonomic response becomes excessive, symptoms result.Krost407 reports 2 fatal cases of generalized atony of the whole gastrointestinal tract in newborn infants; the condition was attributed to an unproved imbalance of the autonomic nervous system.Mayoral408 presents a case of tumor in the hypothalamic region in which "altered motility of the colon was observed fluoroscopically one month and eight days previous to death." The contractions were forceful and complete. The motor disturbance was attributed to the tumor.Galambos,409 in discussing the motility of the colon, presents a roentgenologic

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