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Article
November 1949

CONCEPTS OF MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA

Author Affiliations

SALT LAKE CITY

From the Department of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, the Salt Lake County General Hospital and the Veterans Administration Hospital, Salt Lake City.

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1949;84(5):711-729. doi:10.1001/archinte.1949.00230050047002
Abstract

MYOCARDIAL ischemia occurs whenever there exists a discrepancy between the available oxygen supply and the work requirements of the heart muscle. The balance of these two factors is essential for cardiac function. An arterial blood flow below that customarily available for work performance results in myocardial ischemia.

As shown in table 1, a decrease in oxygen supply to the heart muscle may be absolute, owing to narrowing of arterial caliber by occlusive disease, prolonged spasm or a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood (anemia). The decrease may be relative when the arterial supply provided for the normal heart must serve a greater muscular mass than normal (as in cardiac hypertrophy) or when the energy requirements exceed the maximal capacity of the coronary bed. It is also possible that the utilization of available oxygen is impaired either because oxygen is offered to the tissues in nonutilizable form (as in

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