Q FEVER as a new disease entity was first recognized and reported by Derrick1 in 1937. He stated that the first case of this disease probably occurred in Queensland, Australia, in 1933. Davis and Cox2 recognized and described the first case in the United States, and they termed the disease "nine mile fever" because of its occurrence in Nine Mile Creek, Mont. Since that time, numerous outbreaks of the disease in various parts of the United States, Panama and Italy have been described.3 The demonstration of specific antibodies in the blood of persons living in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, Nevada, Arizona and Washington4 and the natural occurrence of epidemics in Texas,5 Illinois3d and California3g attest to the widespread distribution of this disease in the United States. Numerous laboratory outbreaks among technicians working with this rickettsial organism have also been reported.6 From 1937 to 1944 more than 217 cases
BRAWLEY RW, MODERN FWS. Q FEVER IN A VETERANS' HOSPITAL. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1949;84(6):917–932. doi:10.1001/archinte.1949.00230060074006
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