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January 1955

Human Factors in Air Transportation.

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1955;95(1):180. doi:10.1001/archinte.1955.00250070196036

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This book is a comprehensive compendium of present-day knowledge of medical and related factors in the transportation of persons by air. It is divided into eight sections, encompassing the selection and maintenance of health of air crews and ground personnel, the health and care of passengers aloft, and sanitation in airline operations.

The part on the selection and training of flight personnel emphasizes the need for integration of the physical standards with the requirements of the job. The author also brings out the importance of criteria other than physical standards in the selection of airmen, such as psychiatric evaluation, psychologic appraisal, job analysis, and determination of pilot performance by flight checks.

The chronic and ever-present aviation medical problem of operational fatigue is reviewed, but, in view of the tremendous number of operational and personal variables in this complex problem, the findings and recommendations of necessity are somewhat inconclusive.

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