Cerebral embolism is one of the three common types of cerebral vascular accident (hemorrhage, thrombosis, embolism). All are acute in onset and severely damaging in their effects, and all offer a uniformly poor prognosis. Of these three, embolism must invariably be considered as the manifestation of an underlying disease rather than as a separate primary disease process; therefore therapy must include measures intended to alleviate the primary pathological process.
The enumeration of materials which may form emboli is an unending task and includes everything from bubbles 1 to bullets.2 The following outline is representative of the variety of cerebral emboli which have been reported in the literature:
Tissue fragment emboli, originating within the victim's body
Myxoma of heart 3
Small secondary tumor emboli
Valvular vegetations and calcifications
Foreign body emboli
Fat and oil particles
HARDER HI, BROWN AF. Embolization of Basilar Artery by Myocardial Fragment: Report of a Case. AMA Arch Intern Med. 1955;95(4):587–590. doi:10.1001/archinte.1955.00250100093009
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: