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November 1956

INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Annual Review of Significant Publications

Author Affiliations

Binghamton, N. Y.

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1956;98(5):639-671. doi:10.1001/archinte.1956.00250290099012

IN THE PAST year, as in preceding ones, interest in antibiotic agents dominated in the field of infectious disease. No striking advances in knowledge were made, but much thought was given to untoward effects caused by antibiotic therapy especially when it is applied indiscriminately. Many new agents were reported on, but, except for special purposes, none gave promise of excelling the ones now available. A new journal, Antibiotic Medicine, appeared in addition to Antibiotics and Chemotherapy, now in its sixth volume. Because of antibiotic therapy, the number of publications about tuberculosis have increased, while those on lobar pneumonia have almost disappeared.

Research on viral diseases, against which antibiotics have no influence, led to significant advances in knowledge. Great progress was made in the etiology of minor infections of the respiratory tract by the discovery of a number of related causal viruses. New enteric viruses of undetermined significance also were isolated.