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May 1958

Surgery in World War II: Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology.

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1958;101(5):1013. doi:10.1001/archinte.1958.00260170169025

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This book is the most recently published volume of the official history of the Medical Department, U. S. Army, in World War II. The first and major part of this volume deals with ophthalmology. M. Elliott Randolph is the editor.

The first, and most interesting, chapters are concerned with the administrative aspects and general clinical policies in the Zone of Interior and in the various theaters of operations. During World War II ophthalmology emerged for the first time as an independent specialty in the U. S. Army, and it was not until 1944 that the Ophthalmology Branch of the Surgical Consultants Division was activated. Before that time ophthalmology was attached to the Section of Head Surgery. This unfortunate coupling with otolaryngology—still apparent in this volume—frequently resulted in poor care for eye injuries. Often an otolaryngologist who had no knowledge of ocular diseases was put in charge of a combined eye

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