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Article
November 1958

Nasal Carrier Rate of Antibiotic-Resistant StaphylococciInfluence of Hospitalization on Carrier Rate in Patients, and Their Household Contacts

Author Affiliations

Leyden, Holland With Technical Assistance of Miss H. I. Schuddeboom

From the Department of Microbial Diseases, 1st Medical Service, University of Leyden.

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1958;102(5):691-715. doi:10.1001/archinte.1958.00260220007002
Abstract

Introduction  It is a generally accepted fact today that the increase in the percentage of infections in hospitals caused by antibiotic-resistant staphylococci is largely due to cross infection in the hospitals with resistant microorganisms.1-17 It is also known that among hospital staff, nurses, and patients the percentage of carriers of pathogenic staphylococci in the pharynx and vestibulum nasi and the percentage of resistant strains in these carriers are increasing in relation to the period of their stay in hospital. However, there is only a little information in regard to the period that patients continue to carry the resistant staphylococci acquired in the hospital after discharge and how far transfer of these micro-organisms to house-hold contacts occurs. Dowling et al.18 found in Chicago that the carrier rate for staphylococci in the nose and/or throat of patients, counting all staphylococci irrespective of their ability to produce pigment or hemolysis and

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