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January 1962

Infectious Diseases: Annual Review of Significant Publications

Author Affiliations


Arch Intern Med. 1962;109(1):60-96. doi:10.1001/archinte.1962.03620130062010

During the past year, as in recent ones, the amount of space in this review apportioned to viral and bacillary diseases, staphylococcal infections, and antimicrobics reflects the predominant interest in these subjects. The death rate of tuberculosis was the lowest ever recorded. Poliomyelitis reached its least incidence in 21 years. Pneumonias have increased somewhat in numbers since 1950, as have venereal diseases and streptococcal infections. Attempts are under way to simplify the nomenclature of the many newly discovered entero- and rhino-viruses, and of other exotic ones. The relative merits of polio vaccines were tested, and a logical procedure for preventing tetanus was proposed. Criticism of indiscriminate antimicrobic prophylaxis and therapy continued. Several new antimicrobics appeared. Emphasis was renewed on the importance of preventing infections by the enhancement of host-resistance to infections, and on the management of the shock-like event so often the cause of death. Microbes, formerly of no great