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Article
January 1963

James Lind: Founder of Nautical Medicine

Arch Intern Med. 1963;111(1):132. doi:10.1001/archinte.1963.03620250136037

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Abstract

No one is likely to question seriously the fact that the development of the British Empire overseas, as it progressed during a long period of British history, depended upon the character and qualities of the British Navy and the British Merchant Fleet. From the time of the destruction of the Armada until the developments of the last 20 years the British Empire was dependent upon the British Navy to keep the sea lanes open and to command and control the freedom of the high seas against foreign attack, privateers, and pirates. Less well known is the fact that an important contribution to British control of the high seas was the very simple but essential step taken to control or prevent the development of scurvy, namely, the employment of citrus fruits. Casually stupid critics thought this was another instance of British folly. The term "lime juicer" or "limey" came to be

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