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August 1967

Role of Peritoneoscopy in Diagnosis of Intra-abdominal Disease

Author Affiliations

USA; USA; USA; Washington, DC

From the Gastroenterology Service, Walter Reed General Hospital, Washington, DC. Doctor Scott is now at the Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco; Dr. Hitzelberger is at the Sixth Convalescent Center, APO San Francisco; Dr. Parker is in Thailand; Dr. Durden is at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC; and Dr. Langdon is at Andrews Air Force Base Hospital, Camp Springs, Md.

Arch Intern Med. 1967;120(2):207-213. doi:10.1001/archinte.1967.00300020079010

SIXTY-FIVE years ago Georg Kelling, MD, a surgeon of Dresden, Germany, demonstrated that the intra-abdominal organs of a dog could be visualized by inserting a cystoscope through a small incision in the animal's anterior abdominal wall.1 The technique soon was applied to humans by Jacobaeus, and European physicians began to use what they called "laparoscopy" to aid in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal disease.2 Bertram Bernheim, MD, first reported performance of the procedure in the United States in 1910.3 He used a modified proctosigmoidoscope to carry out what he called "organoscopy." In 1920, Benjamin Orndoff, MD, coined the term "peritoneoscopy" which has become the accepted name for the procedure in this country.4 The leading proponent of peritoneoscopy in America was John Ruddock, MD, who in the 1930's designed a peritoneoscope which became the standard instrument in the United States 5 (Fig 1).

European physicians have been quick