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November 1967

Cardiovascular Roentgenology: A Validated Program.

Author Affiliations

USA Washington, DC

Arch Intern Med. 1967;120(5):642-643. doi:10.1001/archinte.1967.00300040126034

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Nice has attacked a very difficult block of subject matter in a new and refreshing way. The format is "programmed" instruction in a succession of frames. Each frame, in the left column of the page, provides a segment of information. It also includes direct questions, blanks to fill in, or dual lists of terms for matching applicable pairs. In the right hand column, immediately adjacent, is displayed the answer to the question, the key word, or the proper matches. The system is reminiscent of the outline method of study used by many in preparation for examination. Programmed instruction provokes thought and fixes in the mind exactly what is most important in the segment of information. In addition, repetition is a useful tool to reinforce learning. Some of the questions are somewhat less than challenging, such as blanks requiring the reader to fill in maximum for max—, and lupus erythematosus for

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