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Article
June 1968

The Jugular Venous Pulse in Atrial Septal Defect

Arch Intern Med. 1968;121(6):524-529. doi:10.1001/archinte.1968.03640060038007
Abstract

Atrial septal defect (ASD) frequently gives rise to a distinctive pattern of high, peaked jugular V waves which often exceed the A waves in height. Both the X and Y descents are relatively deep. Of 27 patients with ASD and normal pulmonary vascular resistance, 11 (41%) showed a pattern which, in itself, was sufficiently characteristic to be virtually diagnostic of ASD. This pattern generally indicates a fairly large left-to-right shunt and is lost when pulmonary hypertension complicates the picture. With rare exceptions, such a venous pulse was not seen in normal individuals and in patients without ASD.

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