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March 1969

Role of Insulin in the Hepatic Handling of Glucose

Author Affiliations


From the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas.

Arch Intern Med. 1969;123(3):284-292. doi:10.1001/archinte.1969.00300130066010

The effects of insulin on hepatic glucose balance, including data on hepatic glucose output, production (glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis), and uptake in normal and diabetic animals are reviewed. Data from in vivo studies are presented which indicate that these changes in the hepatic handling of glucose following insulin administration are direct effects of insulin on the liver rather than effects secondary to insulin's action on muscle and adipose tissue. These studies indicate that these hepatic actions of insulin are vital to the organism both during feasting and prolonged fasting.