THAT uremia is associated with an abnormal calcium metabolism has been known for some time.1,2 The severity and extent of this defect, however, has become more evident since the introduction of chronic hemodialysis and renal homotransplantation.3,4 These procedures, by prolonging the life of patients with chronic renal failure, have sometimes resulted in an exaggeration of the bone abnormalities whose clinical implications begin only now to be fully appreciated.
The responsiveness of the uremic parathyroid gland to changes in serum calcium concentration has not been completely defined. With persistent stimulation by long-standing hypocalcemia, the hyperplastic glands may become insensitive to the usual stimuli that regulate their secretion. This state of parathyroid "autonomy" produces persistent hypercalcemia and continued hyperparathyroidism and often becomes manifest when the uremia is rapidly corrected by dialysis or transplantation.5,6 With these considerations in mind, this communication is intended to document the biochemical, roentgenological, clinical,
Hampers CL, Katz AI, Wilson RE, Merrill JP. Calcium Metabolism and Osteodystrophy After Renal Transplantation. Arch Intern Med. 1969;124(3):282–291. doi:10.1001/archinte.1969.00300190022005
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