Pleural biopsy cultures for tubercle bacilli, performed on specimens from 63 consecutive patients with exudative pleural effusions, grew out Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the tissue of 16 patients. Twenty-one of the patients in the study were eventually proved to have tuberculous pleurisy. The rate of positive pleural biopsy cultures in proved cases was, therefore, 76%. When culture results of the
Levine H, Metzger W, Lacera D, Kay L. Diagnosis of Tuberculous Pleurisy by Culture of Pleural Biopsy Specimen. Arch Intern Med. 1970;126(2):269–271. doi:10.1001/archinte.1970.00310080075009
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