[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 52.200.130.163. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
September 1974

Cardiac Complications: Results of Penetrating Chest Wounds Involving the Heart

Arch Intern Med. 1974;134(3):491-496. doi:10.1001/archinte.1974.00320210101014
Abstract

Twenty-seven patients had penetrating chest trauma that involved the heart during a 21-month period of a prospective study. One patient died. Seventeen patients were treated with emergency surgery. Electrocardiograms showed pericarditis changes in all patients.

Fifteen patients (56%) developed 18 cardiac complications. Five of these (33%) needed definitive therapy. Cardiac complications included (1) late onset hemopericarditis and cardiac tamponade; (2) myocardial infarction; (3) complete heart block; (4) intracardiac defects (including ventricular septal defect, aorto-right ventricular communication with aortic incompetence, and a combination of the two), and (5) anterior descending coronary artery aneurysm with coronary arteriovenous fistula and left ventricular aneurysm.

There is a high incidence of serious cardiac complications in patients with penetrating chest trauma involving the heart, and close follow-up of these patients is important.

×