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April 1975

Corneal Arcus and Cardiovascular Disease in Evans County, Georgia

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (Dr. B. Klein) and the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute (Dr. R. Klein), University of Miami School of Medicine; the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC (Dr. Haseman); and the Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill (Ms. Maready). Dr. Hames is in private practice in Evans County, Georgia.

Arch Intern Med. 1975;135(4):509-511. doi:10.1001/archinte.1975.00330040021002

The population of Evans County, Georgia was surveyed, during a cardiovascular disease study, for the prevalence of corneal arcus. Rates varied with race and sex and increased in prevalence with age in all groups. Arcus was positively correlated with serum cholesterol level. In white males, a significantly higher prevalence rate of coronary heart disease was found in those who had corneal arcus, but arcus was not correlated with subsequent coronary heart disease incidence in any race-sex group.