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July 1978

The Relationship of Antibody-Coated Bacteria to Clinical SyndromesAs Found in Unselected Populations With Bacteriuria

Arch Intern Med. 1978;138(7):1077-1081. doi:10.1001/archinte.1978.03630320021010

In selected patients, detection of antibody-coated bacteria (ACB) in voided urine has correlated with upper urinary tract infection. From unselected patients, we studied 350 consecutive urine specimens submitted to the diagnostic laboratory with colony counts ≥ 105/ml. In 19% (55) among 288 specimens selected for final analysis ACB occurred. There were no substantial differences in the occurrence of ACB by age or sex of patients or by species of bacteria. The relationship of ACB to clinical syndromes was: asymptomatic bacteriuria, 15% (27/ 178); cystitis, 8% (6/75); acute hemorrhagic cystitis, 67% (4/6); prostatitis, 67% (2/3); and acute pyelonephritis, 62% (16/26). Among seven clinical findings, only structural abnormalities of the upper urinary tract correlated with the presence of ACB. Failure of fever and leukocytosis to correlate with ACB probably reflected the presence of other associated primary medical or surgical conditions.

(Arch Intern Med 138:1077-1081, 1978)