Renal function studies were performed in three cases of paraquat poisoning. Acute renal failure was observed in all three cases. Glomerular filtration rate improved for two patients who survived three weeks, illustrating the reversible nature of paraquat-induced acute renal failure. A mild to moderate transient proteinuria was observed during the first and second weeks following paraquat ingestion. Renal glucosuria, marked amino aciduria, and increased fractional excretion of phosphorus, sodium, and uric acid were observed. These findings, which have not been previously described in man, are indicative of proximal tubular dysfunction and parallel observations previously made in experimental animals.
(Arch Intern Med 139:172-174, 1979)
Vaziri ND, Ness RL, Fairshter RD, Smith WR, Rosen SM. Nephrotoxicity of Paraquat in Man. Arch Intern Med. 1979;139(2):172–174. doi:10.1001/archinte.1979.03630390032014